The port of Mauritius ranks 369th out of 405 global ports, losing 39 places compared to the previous year. This is according to the “2023 Container Port Performance Index” from the World Bank and S&P Global Market Intelligence. In comparison, Indian Ocean ports, such as Port Réunion (320th), Toamasina (300th) and Mayotte (307th), are ranked higher.

The container port of Port-Louis ranks 369th out of the 405 ports in the world. This represents a decline of 39 places compared to last year. He is therefore among the last. This is indicated by the “Container Port Performance Index (CPPI) of 2023: A comparable assessment of performance based on vessel time in port” prepared by the World Bank with external input from S&P Global Market Intelligence.

The index published last year and covering the year 2022 placed Port-Louis in 330th place out of 347 ports in the world. On June 6, 2023, the Prime Minister, Pravind Jugnauth, contested certain points of this report in the National Assembly, during a Private Notice Question (PNQ) asked by the leader of the opposition at the time, Xavier-Luc Duval.

In the new edition of its index, the World Bank confirms the poor performance of the Mauritian port. To the credit of Port-Louis, the number of ports examined by the World Bank for this 2023 index has increased significantly, from 344 to 405 ports. “There are 55 new entrants to the CPPI 2023 and several significant moves since the CPPI 2022. One hundred ports improved their rankings in the CPPI 2023 compared to the CPPI 2022, with some of the largest moves improving their rankings by more than 200 places” , specifies the 92-page report.

The five best performing ports are, in order, Yangshan (China), Salalah (Oman), Cartagena (Colombia), Tanger-Mediterranean (Morocco) and Tanjung Pelepas (Malaysia). The bottom five are Tacoma (United States), Cotonou (Benin), Mersin (Turkey), Ngqura (South Africa) and Cape Town (South Africa) coming in at 405th place.

In the Indian Ocean, Port Réunion is in 320th place and that of Toamasina, in Madagascar, is in 300th place. That of Mayotte is in 307th place. The three are therefore ahead of Port-Louis, even if they are not well ranked at world level either. As an indication, the first ranked in the world, Yangshan, managed the arrival and disembarkation of 3,509 ships in 2023, compared to 464 for Port-Louis.

In terms of ports located in the sub-Saharan region, Port-Louis ranks 27th out of 44 ports. The best performing port in this region is Berbera (Somalia), followed by Mogadishu (Somalia) and Conakry (Guinea). The worst is logically Cape Town, because it is last in the world.

In their foreword to the report, Nicolas Peltier-Thiberge, Global Practice Director Transport at the World Bank, and Jenny Paurys, Head of Global Intelligence & Analystics S&P Global Market Intelligence, argue that the challenges caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the sector will further lessen in 2023. “Continued or new disruptions, in the form of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, attacks on shipping in the Gulf of Aden and draft restrictions of water on the Panama Canal, have all impacted the maritime transport of containers. »

They add that excess new capacity ordered by shipping lines during the pandemic and falling demand have caused freight rates to fall, after an initial collapse, towards pre-pandemic norms on most routes. They specify that “these changes impact the performance and ranking of ports. While some problems are exogenous or systemic, others are endogenous or location-specific, resulting in both types of problems influencing the performance and ranking of individual ports.”

Nicolas Peltier-Thiberge and Jenny Paurys highlight that one of the “positive sides” of the pandemic has been increased awareness and particular attention to the resilience and efficiency of maritime gateways, where any friction will have impacts tangible effects on consumer choice, on prices and ultimately, on economic development. “This attention is even more important now,” they say.

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